Filter by installdate

I was once asked if you could apply a GPO to computers before a certain date. My first answer was the simple solution, create a group add all computers that exist at that time into the group and then filter on that group.

If possible always do it the simple way, but they asked what would happen if a computer was reinstalled. Since the computer account will be reused it will still be in the group, this was a problem. So at this time we have to decide where to complicate things.

Do we want to complicate the tasksequence and let it remove the computer from the group or do we want to use a WMI filter on the GPO.

WMI filter has limitation they require a working WMI on the client, they also require that the client is running Windows XP or Windows 2003 Server (who has that running anyway right?). Using WMI we can create a simple WMI filter that will allow us to only target computers that are installed or reinstalled after a certain date.

wmifilter - only olders installs

It is a simple as that.

A language is a language is a patch? (in Specops)

So I just had a thought. Since Specops Deploy / OS (Deploy)  is built on Microsoft Deployment Toolkit (MDT). And MDT supports more than just languages, you can add patches, features and more. So why is Deploy limited to just languages, well the truth is: It’s not. You can add just about anything that you can add to MDT to Deploy. [Read more…]

Adding features to a Specops Deploy/OS Reference image

So as usual when it concerns Specops Deploy/OS it was a request from a customer that got me started. The customer wanted .NET 3 installed in their reference image. But that feature is no longer copied to the winsxs folder, but instead only lives on the DVD or on Windows Update. So how do we do this, DISM my world? MDT has a pretty way of doing this, we just needed to make sure we could use this in Deploy / OS. [Read more…]

USB booting Specops Deploy / OS (x86)

This is a basic x86 bootstick that should be able to boot both UEFI and bios computers. I also have a version of the blog for those that really don’t like to be one version behind, USB booting Specops Deploy / OS (x64 UEFI).
[Read more…]

USB booting Specops Deploy / OS (x64 UEFI)

Since I’m moving all my systems at home away from x86, simply creating a x86 usbstick was a bit to easy. I therefor thought it would be more fun to create a x64 UEFI boot. Im not really sure if this is required, but it will allow computers that cant read NTFS (from UEFI boot) to still boot the installation. I have also written a simple x86 instruction.
[Read more…]

Deploying Bitlocker protected Workstation using Specops Deploy / OS

For one of my customers I was looking up the correct way of activating BitLocker while using Specops Deploy / OS. So after a little searching on google I understood that I will be in uncharted territory. Well after looking around how my customer currently implemented BitLocker I was able to solve it. This solution is not dependent on any manual changes to the MDT, so its a clean Deploy / OS solution.

Changes to installation group policy

So lets open up our installation GPO, and go straight down to the Specops Deploy / OS parts. Now edit the installation policy and go to the Custom MDT Properties and add the following variables:

Variable Name Value Description
DoNotCreateExtraPartition NO Allows the installer to create required partitions on the drive.
BdeInstallSuppress NO Setting this to anything but YES will start the BDE installation

After doing that all required changes to the installation policy is done.

Save the numerical recovery password to the Active Directory.

Most customers want to be able to access the drive if/when the computer/TPM chip dies. So we need to store the numerical recovery password in another location. So the regular choices are:

  • Manual, risking to forget and getting into trouble.
  • Store in share, better but still more complex than required
  • Store in AD, safe secure and redundant.

So how do we make sure the clients store the recovery password in the AD. Well first of are you running an active directory schema of 2008 or later you are practically done. Otherwise you could extend the Schema to include the Bitlocker parts, or as I would suggest extend the schema with Windows 2012R2. See link below for more information if you dont want to extend schema to Windows 2008 or later. Windows will store the recovery password in an object called ms-FVE-RecoveryInformation that is located below the computer object. This helps in cleanup as when the computer is deleted so is all the keys.

So now we have extended the schema. We still need to instruct our workstations to save the password to the AD. Well here I would suggest going the Group Policy route mostly because I really likes GPOs.

So lets fire up our Group Policy Management Console (gpmc.msc).
Create a new GPO for the Bitlocker settings or select another GPO.
Edit the selected GPO

You are now facing two different places to edit depending on if you are deploying Vista or later.

Window Vista

  • Location: Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Bitlocker Drive Encryption
  • Setting: Store BitLocker recovery information in Active Directory Domain Services
  • Value: Enabled

Window 7 or later

  • Location: Computer Configuration\Policies\Administrative Templates\Windows Components\Bitlocker Drive Encryption\Operating System Drives
  • Setting: Choose how BitLocker-protected operating system drives can be recovered
  • Value: Enabled

Dont forget to check the box that says Do not enable BitLocker until recovery information is stored to AD DS for operating system drives.

Start the installation

So after being bored for a while looking at a screen doing nothing, the install is complete. We login to the client and open a cmd windows as administrator so we can check the progress. And what do you know, it is encrypting the drive as I am writing this.

Command line windows showing that encryption has started.

Sources:

Backing Up BitLocker and TPM Recovery Information to AD DS

 

 

Discovering the netboot GUID of virtual machines

So tonight I was playing around with deployment at home. Having tried both System Center Essentials and System Center Configuration Manager, it was time for another deployment solution. Since my company has a sister company specializing in system management software, I decided to give them a try. After installing I needed to find the netboot GUID since I didn’t really like using the mac address. So how do I get the netboot GUID of my Hyper-V virtual machines? Well powershell of course.

The powershell snippet: [Read more…]